Visibility IV / V
The sculptor’s galaxy is one of the brightest and largest galaxies in the southern starry sky. It’s a so-called starburst galaxy, where an exceptional number of new stars are created. Evidence of this is the numerous areas of hydrogen that glow pink. The burst may have originated as a result of an ancient galaxy encounter, which has also been caused by tidal forces to twist the galaxy’s halo. Nearby you will find a very dim companion, the dwarf galaxy NGC253-dw2 (picture #3) which was only discovered in the 2010s by amateurs.
The sculptor’s galaxy is located almost perpendicularly above the Milky Way disk, so the view also offers a glimpse into the distance. Many of the orange-red dots visible in the background are distant galaxies whose speed of fading makes them appear reddish.